Bees are about 15 mm in size and are usually light brown in color. Bees are usually oval-yellow creatures with brown stripes. Although the body color of bees varies between species and some bees have black bodies, all bees have dark to light spectrums. These dark and light bands target bee survival: Unlike other species that hide when predators are detected, those with light-colored bodies and the ability to bite act as a warning to predators or honey thieves.
Famous bee breeds
- Apis mellifera mellifera
The bee originally originated in southern Europe, but is currently found in France, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, and to some extent in the United Kingdom. Their only advantage is that they can tolerate harsh winter conditions by eating a lot of food.
- Apis mellifera Ligustica
The main habitat of this bee is the Italian peninsula. This bee is slightly smaller than the black bee and its color is usually yellowish-brown, which is the main cause of body hair color, especially in males, which is why it is also called the golden bee.
- Apis mellifera carnica
These bees are distributed in the southern part of the Alps and the northern Balkans and the Danube Valley, ie, Austria, Hungary, Germany, Romania and Bulgaria. One of the most important features of this type of bee is its calmness, which can be said to be the calmest type among all bees.
Apis mellifera caucasica
The main homeland of this bee goes back to the Caucasus mountains and has a light gray body color. These bees are characterized by their calmness and bite almost less than other species. These bees are susceptible to Nosema disease and therefore do not overwinter, even though their food intake is high this season.
- Apis mellifera meda persica
The main homeland of this bee breed is Iran. In appearance, the first three rings of the bee’s abdomen are black and the rest of the rings are yellowish-brown.
This bee tolerates winter cold well in cold regions. This bee is good in spring in terms of population growth and reaches its maximum number by June. The tendency of the Iranian race to plunder an
Bees are social organisms and live in colonies. However, they show violent behavior within the colonies. Male bees emerge from their nests in cold weather, and the queen sometimes kills other queens for domination.
Although bees play an important role in pollination and the environment, care must be taken to ensure that hives are not near your home, as they can be bitten.
Two types of products produced by bees include: outside the hive and inside the hive
- Products outside the hive include: honey, honey, propolis, pollen
- Products inside the hive include: wax, bee venom, royal jelly
And we’ve talked about these products before and introduced them.
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